The Indian Police Service [IPS] is mainly related to maintenance of Law and order in the country. In India, this is a leading uniformed civil service. An I.P.S officer works for both the Central and State Governments. He is the one who serves the State Government in various aspects like at the beginning of his career, he works as Assistant Superintendent of Police and at the last phase(retirement) of his career, he works as Director General of Police(Police force state head).
The IPS is liable for the safety and security of public. The IPS along with IAS manage law and order at district level as traffic control, accident prevention and management, crime detection and prevention. In order to execute these functions with effectiveness, this is divided into different departments like “Crime Branch, “Criminal Investigation Department (CID), “Home Guards, “Traffic Bureau”.
To become a Class 1 police officer in India, you need to clear the IPS (Indian Police Services) exam which is held by Union public service commission (UPSC) every year. It is a very competitive exam with more than 3, 50,000 candidates taking up the examination out of which under 200 are finally selected. So be prepared to work hard if you want to get selected.
The candidates must a graduate from any university incorporated under an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India.
Candidates waiting for graduations final exam result can apply for prelims, but after qualifying prelims examination they need a proof which shows that they are graduates so that they can apply for mains exam.
A candidate should be between the ages of 21 years- 32 years on 1st August. They must have been not born earlier than 2nd August, 1984 and not later than 1st August, 1995.
Upper age limit
- SC/St candidates- up to 5 years relaxation
- OBC candidates- up to 3 years relaxation
- Handicapped person (blind, deaf-mute and orthopedically) – up to 10years relaxation
- J&K resident, Ex- Military Servicemen- up to 5 years relaxation
- a citizen of India,
- or a citizen of Nepal,
- or a citizen of Bhutan,
- or a Tibetan refugee(came to India before 1st January 1962 to be settled in India permanently)
- or a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.
Number of Attempts and Age Limit
|SC/ST||32+5=37||As many as upto age limt|
|Physically disabled(Blind, Deaf-mute, Orthopedic)||32+10=42||if general then 9OBC then 9SC/ST-
then upto age limt
|J&K domicile||if general then 32+5=37OBC then
32+5+3=40SC/ST then 32+5+5=42PH
|depending on above categories
viz.Gen, OBC, SC/ST, Disabled
|Disabled serviceman discharged from duty||if general then 32+3=35OBC then
32+3+3=38SC/ST then 32+3+5=40
|Ex-serviceman with five years duty* specific
condition on page2 of notification
|if general then 32+5=37OBC then
32+5+3=40SC/ST then 32+5+5=42
- Male minimum 165 cm & ST (not the SC/ OBC) – 160 cm
- Female minimum 150 cm & ST (not SC/ OBC) – 145 cm
- Male Minimum 84 cm with 5cm expansion.
- Female Minimum 79 cm with 5cm expansion.
Eye sight –
- 6/6 or 6/9 distant vision for good eye.
- 6/12 or 6/9 for worst eye.
- Near vision J 1 for good eye. J2 for worst eye.
- The exam consists of two parts. A preliminary (prelims) exam is held as a first level. This prelims exam consists of two papers – general studies and an optional subject. It is a multiple choice question exam and is used just for selecting candidates for the next level of exam (main exam). The marks from prelims are not added while preparing the final result.
- Once the candidate clears the prelims exam, they have to sit for the main exam. There is a list of subjects out of which two are compulsory and two are optional. Candidate can select any optional subject irrespective of the subject in which they hold a degree. This exam is very comprehensive and the candidate has to answer essay type questions.
- Once the candidates have cleared the main exam, they are called for a personal interview round. It consists of around 45 mins interview with the board in which they try to see candidate fit for the post.
- After the interview, marks from the main exam and interview are added and a final selection list is prepared which is called the merit list.
Apart from clearing the UPSC exam, it is also possible to become a IPS officer after clearing the state PSC exam. It takes 8-10 years to become SP after clearing the state level exam. You can find more information about becoming DSP police here.
For a more detailed post of IPS Exam Pattern, click here.
The selected candidates are then sent for a rigorous training in Missouri which lasts for almost 2 year in total. A part of training also takes part in Andhra Pradesh. They are trained in Indian penal codes, special laws, criminology etc. The officers also have to undergo physical training while they are trained in theoretical subjects.
Once the new officers complete their training, they are allotted state cadre which means that they have to work within the state.. The cadre system assigns a state to each officer where he has to work. Being a central service, candidate can get a cadre from a different state than which they belong too. The trained officers are posted as Additional Superintendent of Police (ASP) which is a Class 1 position. Most of the officer can expect to retire as ADGP (Addl. Director General of Police) or DGP (Director General of Police) as the promotion are mostly based on the seniority. An IPS officer can also go for deputation to central government posts.
Salary and Rank
The IPS officer salary starts at around INR 40,000/month which can go up to INR 100,000/month by the time he retires. But apart from salary they are given lot of perks which adds up. They are provided a government house in a nice locality and a government vehicle which they can also use for personal use.
|Designation or Rank||Similar position under a state government||Pay scale|
|Director General of Police||Commissioner of Police (name of the state)||80,000 INR (consolidated) no grade pay|
|Additional Director General of Police||Special Commissioner of Police||37,400-67,000 INR along with grade pay of 12,000 INR|
|Inspector General of Police||Joint Commissioner of Police||37,400-67,000 INR along with grade pay of 10,000 INR|
|Deputy Inspector General of Police||Additional Commissioner of Police||37,400-67,000 INR along with grade pay of 8,900 INR|
|Senior Superintendent of Police||Deputy Commissioner of Police||15,600-39,100 INR along with grade pay of 8,700 INR|
|Superintendent of Police||Deputy Commissioner of Police||15,600-39,000 INR along with grade pay of 7,600 INR|
|Additional Superintendent of Police||Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police||15,600-39,000 INR along with grade pay of 6,600 INR|
|Deputy Superintendent of Police||Assistant Commissioner of Police||15,600-39,100 INR along with grade pay of 5,400 INR|
Apart from this, I have made some FAQ’s question which I receive from number of my readers. Before writing to me please go through the FAQ’s asked question for IPS Exam